Date Established

1968 originally established as a Controlled Hunting Area in 1963

Geographical Location

Between Murchison Falls  National Park and the north shore of Lake Mobutu Sese Seko (Lake Albert). 2°15’N, 3r30’E.

Altitude 600- 1,300m

Area 52,000ha; contiguous to Murchison Falls National Park (384,000ha) and Karuma Wildlife Reserve  (82,000ha)

Physical Features

The features are similar to the southern sector of Murchison Falls National Park. Bugungu Wildlife  Reserves and Karuma Wildlife  Reserve constitute a buffer zone for the southern boundary of Murchison Falls National Park.


Dry thicket with some open savanna woodland


The area is well-known for chimpanzees Pan troglodytes, but the number in the reserve is unclear. Mammals include lion Panthera leo, elephant Loxodonta africana, warthog Phacochoerus aethiopicus, buffalo Syncerus caffer, waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus, Uganda kob Kobus koh, hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus, and many small ungulates. The reserve includes part of Budongo Forest which has a relatively rich birdlife

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