Monkeys
Cercopithecidae

Historical and modern terminology

According to the┬áOnline Etymology Dictionary, the word “monkey” may originate in a┬áGerman┬áversion of the┬áReynard the Fox fable, published circa 1580. In this version of the fable, a character named Moneke is the son of Martin the Ape.┬áIn English, no clear distinction was originally made between “ape” and “monkey”; thus the 1911┬áEncyclop├Ždia Britannica┬áentry for “ape” notes that it is either a synonym for “monkey” or is used to mean a tailless humanlike primate. Colloquially, the terms “monkey” and “ape” are widely used interchangeably.┬áAlso, a few monkey species have the word “ape” in their common name, such as the┬áBarbary ape.

Later in the first half of the 20th century, the idea developed that there were trends in┬áprimate evolution and that the living members of the order could be arranged in a series, leading through “monkeys” and “apes” to humans.┬áMonkeys thus constituted a “grade” on the path to humans and were distinguished from “apes”.

Relationship with humans

The many species of monkey have varied relationships with humans. Some are kept as pets, others used as model organisms in laboratories or in space missions. They may be killed in monkey drives (when they threaten agriculture) or used as service animals for the disabled.

In some areas, some species of monkey are considered agricultural┬ápests, and can cause extensive damage to commercial and subsistence crops. This can have important implications for the conservation of endangered species, which may be subject to persecution. In some instances farmers’ perceptions of the damage may exceed the actual damage.┬áMonkeys that have become habituated to human presence in tourist locations may also be considered pests, attacking tourists.

ostrich in kidepo
Ostrich
Struthio camelus
Uganda Kob
Kobus kob thomasi
duiker
Duiker
Cephalophinae
bwindi-forest-elephants
Forest Elephants
Loxodonta cyclotis
monkeys
Monkeys
Cercopithecidae
Baboon
Papio
Birds
Aves
golden monkey tracking
Golden Monkey
Cercopithecus mitis kandti
Gorilla tracking in Bwindi
Mountain Gorilla
Gorilla beringei beringei
Chimp-tracking-in-kibale
Chimpanzee
Pan troglodytes